Inspiration of the Scriptures

II Timothy 3:15-17 - And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. 16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: 17 That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works.

  1. The Holy Scriptures Timothy knew wasn’t the original, for they had already been destroyed. He read from copies.

    1. The doctrine of the preservation of the Word of God is as important as the doctrine of the inspiration of the Word of God.

    2. Without preservation, there is no inspired Word available today.

  2. The word inspiration means God breathed. I saw a picture as a boy that God put his breath on man’s hand and he wrote as directed by the breath of God.

    1. A writer didn’t have to know what he was writing. Daniel didn’t always understand – Daniel 12:8 – Daniel heard, but understood not.

    2. Many times the writers did understand they were writing under the direct inspiration of the Holy Ghost. For examples of this, see below.


By this question we mean: Is the Bible trustworthy as a record of historical facts? About a century ago critics held the Bible to be untrustworthy as history. They said the four kings mentioned in Gen. 14:1 never existed, and that the victory of the kings of the West over the kings of the East, as described in this chapter, never occurred. They denied that such a people as the Hittites ever lived. Sargon, mentioned in Is. 20:1 as king of Assyria, was considered a mythical character. Moreover Daniel was supposed to be in error in mentioning Belshazzar as a Babylonian king. Dan. 5:1. Typical New Testament examples of supposed historical errors are to be found in Luke's representation of the island of Cyprus as being ruled by a "proconsul" (Acts 13:7) and of Lysanias as being tetrarch of Abilene while Herod was tetrarch of Galilee (Luke 3:1.) But how is it now? We can say today, after far-reaching investigations concerning ancient nations have been made, that not a single statement in the Bible stands refuted. The confident denials of early critics have been proved to he the assumptions of ignorance. Prof. A. H. Sayce, one of the most eminent of archeologists, says "Since the discovery of the Tel el-Amarna tablets until now great things have been brought out by archeology, and every one of them has been in harmony with the Bible, while nearly every one of them has been dead against the assertions of the destructive critics." Some years ago the United Press broadcasted the testimony of A. S. Yahuda, formerly Professor of Biblical History at the University of Berlin and later of Semitic Languages at the University of Madrid, to the effect that "every archeological discovery of Palestine and Mesopotamia of the Bible period bears out the historical accuracy of the Bible." 1

I Cor. 2:13 – “Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual.” Paul declared that the words he used was given to him by the Holy Spirit of God.

II Peter 3:1,2 – “This second epistle, beloved, I now write unto you; in both which I stir up your pure minds by way of remembrance: 2 That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the commandment of us the apostles of the Lord and Saviour:” Peter claims the Old and New Testaments are scriptures.

II Peter 3:15,16 – “And account that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you; 16 As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.” Peter places the writings of the Apostle Paul in the same category as his writings – stating they are all inspired.

II Peter 1:19 – “We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts:” Peter claims he has a more sure word of prophecy – that what is written in the New Testament is better than the Old Testament because it is a fulfillment of the prophecy given in the Old Testament. The New Testament proves the Old Testament to be true. The Old Testament proves the New Testament is true.

Acts 1:16 – “Men and brethren, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas, which was guide to them that took Jesus.” Peter claims inspiration of David.

Hebrews 1:1 – “God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, 2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;” The writer of Hebrews claims God spoke to the prophets in days past, and now has spoken to us by his Son, Jesus Christ.

Luke 1:67-71 – Luke wrote what Zacharias said in verse 70, “As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, which have been since the world began:” declaring that John is the forerunner of Jesus Christ, just like the Old Testament prophets preached.

John 10:35 – Jesus argued with the Jews when they were going to stone him concerning the scripture in Psalms 82:6 “…Ye are gods…” “…and the scripture cannot be broken…”

There are many quotations of the Old Testament included in the New Testament.

1 T. P. Simmons, A Systematic Study of Bible Doctrine, page 17