The Parable of the Lost Coin
Luke 15 "Either what woman having ten pieces of silver, if she lose one piece, doth not light a candle, and sweep the house, and seek diligently till she find it? 9 And when she hath found it, she calleth her friends and her neighbours together, saying, Rejoice with me; for I have found the piece which I had lost. 10 Likewise, I say unto you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner that repenteth."
This illustration is one part of three illustrations that make up Luke 15. The main focus of the illustration is to show the self-righteous Pharisees and scribes that there is righteous joy when a lost coin is found. The coin is not human, does not have an eternal soul, and does not have feelings. Even though the coin is not eternal, there is joy when it is found. In this same manner, there is joy in heaven when one sinner repents.
I. Christ wants the Pharisees and Scribes to understand why He has come into the world.
A. Matt. 9:11-13 - And when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto his disciples, Why eateth your Master with publicans and sinners? 12 But when Jesus heard that, he said unto them, They that be whole need not a physician, but they that are sick. 13 But go ye and learn what that meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: for I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.
B. This lady had ten pieces of silver which would amount to 10 pennies or the wages of 10 days.
1. It is very valuable to her.
a) This is why she spent so much time searching for it.
b) We are of much value to Christ.
c) Matt. 10:31 - We are of more value than many sparrows.
2. pieces: "Drachma, here translated a piece of silver, is the eighth part of an ounce, which cometh to 7+d., and is equal to the Roman penny.
a) Matt. 18:28 - In the parable teaching forgiveness, Christ forgave the person who own Him ten thousand talents (an incalculable amount). When that person wouldn't forgive a hundred pence, Christ declared He would reverse His previous judgment, and force the man to pay the ten thousand talents.
b) A penny: "The Roman penny is the eighth part of an ounce, which after five shillings to the ounce is seven pence half penny."
c) A penny amounts to a days wage.
II. The coin was lost.
A. Christ wants the Pharisees and Scribes to understand that these publicans and sinners are His children.
1. John 10:16 - Christ says that He has children not of this fold. And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd.
2. The Pharisees and Scribes wouldn't want to see this, just as many Baptists don't want to believe a person can be save and not be a member of a Baptist church.
B. This doesn't mean that the coin was never in her possession.
1. The coin was in her possession just like we were in the possession of Christ before the fall.
2. The parable of the wheat and the tares showed that we belonged to Christ before He planted us in the field, which is the world.
3. We became lost when Adam disobeyed God's commandment in the Garden of Eden.
C. When the coin was lost to the woman, she didn't know where it was.
1. We are not lost to Christ like the woman lost the coin, and didn't know where it was.
2. We are never really lost to Christ because He always knows where we are.
3. When we are lost to Christ, He knows where we are, but because He has limited Himself to acting in "time," he cannot reach us until we are born and come to the place, time, and circumstance He has determined we will be brought forth to salvation (everlasting life).
III. She sought diligently until she found it.
A. The light the woman used typifies Christ.
1. John 8:12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.
2. As Jesus, the light of world, gets closer and closer to us, He gives us the power to use His light to see our sinfulness clearer and clearer.
a) This is why people that haven't been saved very long, often think they have come to Jesus, instead of understanding that Jesus came to them.
b) Jesus is the one who initiates our salvation, not us.
c) See point "C" below.
B. Jesus wants these Pharisees and Scribes to understand why He has come into the world: to diligently seek and save that which was lost.
1. John 5:30 - I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me.
a) Jesus had more to do than just what He wanted to do.
b) Jesus wants these Pharisees and Scribes to understand that there is more to do than just what they want to do.
c) We ought to have more to do than just what we want to do.
C. It is also interesting to note that Christ is seeking the lost sheep, they are not seeking Him.
1. Men are totally depraved and will not seek Christ.
2. The sheep are alive physically, but the soul is dead in trespasses and sins.
3. Luke 19:10 - Christ came to seek and save the lost. For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost.
4. John 4:3-4 - He left Judaea, and departed again into Galilee. 4 And he must needs go through Samaria. The woman at the well must be saved; along with those she will witness to.
5. Luke 5:31,32 - And Jesus answering said unto them, They that are whole need not a physician; but they that are sick. 32 I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.
6. Ezk 34:16 - I will seek that which was lost, and bring again that which was driven away, and will bind up that which was broken, and will strengthen that which was sick: but I will destroy the fat and the strong; I will feed them with judgment.
IV. Scriptures showing lost sheep are the eternally elect of God, the wheat that was sown in the world.
A. Psalms 119:176 - I have gone astray like a lost sheep; seek thy servant; for I do not forget thy commandments.
B. Jeremiah 50:6 - My people hath been lost sheep: their shepherds have caused them to go astray, they have turned them away on the mountains: they have gone from mountain to hill, they have forgotten their restingplace.
C. Matt. 10:6 - But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
D. Matt. 15:24 - But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.